Periodontal or gum disease is an infection of the gums that in its initial stages result in the inflammation of gums, but can progress to serious bone damage in the mouth and eventual loss of your natural teeth.
At Edward I. Jutkowitz, D.M.D., P.C. - Periodontics and Implantology, we have effective treatment options to fight your gum disease.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Every time you eat or drink something, the surfaces of your teeth form a yellowish biofilm known as plaque. This plaque is what gives your teeth a gritty texture, makes then yellow, and result in bad breath. Worse, it produces acid that can eat the enamel of your teeth, resulting in cavities, and causes gum disease. If you observe excellent oral care regimen at home and keep your six-monthly dental appointments, then plaque cannot accumulate on your teeth. However, if you do not, plaque will harden to calculus and it will not be removed by brushing at home alone.
When calculus accumulates, it can cause periodontal or gum disease. The early stage of gum disease is gingivitis and at this stage, the damage to the soft tissues of the mouth is minimal. If you get your teeth cleaned at this point, you can reverse the damage. However, if you allow the disease to progress, it will turn to periodontitis. Symptoms of periodontitis include:
As you can see, the damage from advanced periodontitis is irreversible. Once your tooth is lost, nothing can bring it back. That is why, Dr. Jutkowitz advise you to seek treatment as soon as you notice any of the above issues in your mouth.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
If you have active periodontitis, regular dental cleaning may not be enough to eliminate it. For this, we will need to follow a periodontal maintenance plan that requires more in-depth cleaning of bacteria and the infection.
To treat periodontal disease, you will need to remove the hardened calculus from the teeth and gums. We will use a pointed tooth known as scalers to scratch away the plaque on and between your teeth and beneath the gumline. We may also use an ultrasonic device which will send vibrating shockwaves that can dislodge particles of calculus and make your teeth a hostile environment for bacterial growth.
Once all the calculus has been removed from your teeth, we will smooth down your exposed tooth root so that bacteria may not be able to stick to your teeth. This is known as root planing.
Once this procedure is done, your gum pockets will reduce and the gums will fit tightly against your teeth once more.
During periodontal maintenance, we may also prescribe you some antibacterial medication, including:
If your periodontal disease doesn’t come in control with these conservative techniques, we may have to resort to minimally-invasive surgeries:
As you can see, gum disease can cause a lot of problems. That is why we recommend you visit us every two to four months to get your periodontal maintenance procedure if you have active gum disease. Schedule an appointment today by calling us at (516) 740-1848. Keep in mind that periodontitis is a chronic disease and can only be managed with proper care. If you delay or neglect treatment, you will end up losing your teeth.
Roslyn Heights70 Glen Cove Rd, Roslyn Heights,
Phone: (516) 740-1848 ❘
Manhattan133 East 58th St, Ste 803,
Manhattan, NY 10022
Phone: (212) 355-3944 ❘